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definition of chemotherapy

It is often used in treating... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples What Does “Auld Lang Syne” Actually Mean? Palliative chemotherapy is chemotherapy treatment which is given to relieve the symptoms of cancer, but not meant to cure cancer or to extend life to a significant degree. Physical conditioning, systems of exercise, experimentation in chemotherapy are still being undertaken. Most anticancer drugs are given by injection into a blood vessel (IV); some are given by mouth. noun. Chemo: Slang for chemotherapy-- drug therapy for cancer.. Read medical definition of Chemotherapy. The discovery that certain toxic chemicals administered in combination can cure certain cancers ranks as one of the greatest in modern medicine. Where Did The Strange Expression “Hair Of The Dog” Come From? It usually is used to treat patients with cancer that has spread from the place in the body where it originated (metastasized). Also … Describe 2020 In Just One Word? Jahrgang, No. The German word Chemotherapie is strongly associated with Paul ehrlich, though it is uncertain if he is its originator. IV chemotherapy may also be given through catheters or ports, sometimes with the help of a pump. To treat her ovarian cancer, Sarah N. underwent a full hysterectomy, abdominal debulking, the removal of 14 pounds of tumors and 37 pelvic lymph nodes, as well as six rounds of, In 2016, Weinstein went through seven rounds of, Thomas, 35, has suffered from kidney disease most of his life and had both hips replaced because of grueling, Ever since temporarily losing her hair during, Now Olson also had just finished six months of, Post the Definition of chemotherapy to Facebook, Share the Definition of chemotherapy on Twitter, Pyrazinamide is one of the most important drugs in modern, Cancer cells mutate at a furious rate, and they can evolve the means to resist most, Neutropenia and infection are major dose-limiting side effects of. The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary This section offers information about what this means for you and what you can generally expect. What made you want to look up chemotherapy? It has also proved effective in the adjuvantsetting, in reducing the risk o… Learn more about how it works, what to expect during treatment, common side effects, and other FAQs. Accessed 1 Jan. 2021. Chemotherapy - definition of chemotherapy by The Free Dictionary. This term is commonly used in the treatment of acute leukemias. Copyright © 2011. The era of cancer chemotherapy began in the 1940s with the first use of nitrogen mustards and folic acid antagonist drugs. Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021, Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition The Dictionary.com Word Of The Year For 2020 Is …. See more. Induction chemotherapy - Chemotherapy given to induce a remission. Definition, Synonyms, Translations of chemo by The Free Dictionary Learn more. The term is also used informally as an abbreviation of CHEMOTHERAPY. Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012. Chemotherapy is … Most anticancer drugs are given IV (into a vein) or IM (into muscle). Bekannte Arzneistoffe aus der Tumortherapie, die diese kognitive Dysfunktion auslösen können, sind u.a. In general, chemotherapy affects rapidly dividing cells. See chemotherapy in the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. It's very important to understand the purpose of chemotherapy given in this way. treatment of disease, esp cancer, by means of chemical agents. Definition of chemotherapy noun in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. COBUILD Advanced English Dictionary. ‘Current chemotherapy is much safer and more effective than previous treatments.’ ‘If the cancer has spread to the liver or lungs, then chemotherapy is often tried first.’ ‘The youngster had to undergo treatment which included radiotherapy and chemotherapy.’ This includes cells in the bone marrow, which makes blood cells, and the digestive system. All rights reserved. 233-36 (along with the Latin equivalent chemotherapia in the phrase chemotherapia specifica). Define Chemotherapy. Ehrlich probably first used the word in print in the article "Chemotherapeutische Trypanosomen-Studien," Berliner klinische Wochenschrift, 44. It's very important to understand the purpose of chemotherapy given in this way. Definition of ChemoTherapy in the Definitions.net dictionary. You may get chemo at home, in your healthcare provider's office, in a clinic, or in a hospital. The treatment of disease, especially cancer, using drugs that are destructive to malignant cells and tissues. Chemo is medicine used to shrink a tumor or kill cancer cells. Examples include certain types of lymphoma, leukemia and testicular cancer, among others. Chemotherapy treatment can cause different side effects. Medical Definition of Chemotherapy, topical Medical Author: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD Chemotherapy , topical: Treatment with an anticancer drug in a … These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'chemotherapy.' He was recovering from a particularly difficult round of chemotherapy. Men and women who become infertile as a result of chemotherapy could also regain their reproductive capabilities. Chemo may be given to you 1 or more ways. 9 (March 4, 1907), pp. Chemotherapy may be used alone as a primary treatment or may be used before, after, or in conjunction with surgery or radiation. Combination chemotherapy refers simply to the use of more than one chemotherapy medication at a time to treat cancer. Chemotherapy is the treatment of disease using chemicals. The Nurse Coaching People Through Death by Starvation. Chemotherapy kills cancer cells. The American Heritage® Science Dictionary What appears to be a summary of the address was published as "Die Aufgaben der Chemotherapie" ("The Tasks of Chemotherapy") in the feuilleton section of the Frankfurter Zeitung und Handelsblatt, 51. Combining form denoting chemistry or chemical. It is often used in treating cancer. 2. n. 1. 244, September 4, 1906, p. 1. Used most often to refer to the chemical treatments used to combat cancer cells. 2. But often, people get more than one type of chemotherapy at a time. III Chemotherapy (London, 1960), pp. Chemotherapy is usually systemic treatment, meaning that the drugs flow through … Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. It doesn’t require balancing a ball on your nose. In the past, cancer was often treated with a single drug, but current treatments for many types of cancer use a combination of two or more different drugs simultaneously. Recent Examples on the Web But by October, four rounds of chemo had left Lin too exhausted to go on her daily walks. [G. chēmeia, alchemy] The term chemotherapy was coined in this regard by Paul Ehrlich (1854-1915). The targeted therapy revolution has arrived, but many of the principles and limitations of chemotherapy discovered by the early researchers still apply. It may be used to cure cancer, help keep it from spreading, or reduce symptoms. Chemo is the same as chemotherapy . Chemotherapy is usually given in cycles: a treatment period followed by a recovery period, then another treatment period, and so on. Copyright © … It usually is used to treat patients with cancer that has spread from the place in the body where it originated (metastasized). — Andrea Castillo, Los Angeles Times, "COVID stopped her parents from returning to China.Now her mom has cancer," 19 Dec. 2020 The 69-year-old began chemo and radiation this week for three glioblastomas in his brain. chemotherapy meaning: 1. the treatment of diseases using chemicals: 2. the treatment of diseases using chemicals: 3…. Definition of Chemotherapy: A treatment of disease by any chemicals. They stop cancer cells reproducing, which prevents them from growing and spreading in the body. Note: It is most commonly given as an injection into a vein or as tablets or capsules. Palliative chemotherapy is chemotherapy treatment which is given to relieve the symptoms of cancer, but not meant to cure cancer or to extend life to a significant degree. chemotherapy definition: 1. the treatment of diseases using chemicals: 2. the treatment of diseases using chemicals: 3…. Chemotherapy definition is - the therapeutic use of chemical agents to treat disease; especially : the administration of one or more cytotoxic drugs to destroy or inhibit the growth and division of malignant cells in the treatment of cancer —called also chemo. Chemotherapy is designed to kill cells that divide quickly. For some cancers, chemotherapy can completely get rid of the cancer with a good chance that it will never come back. “Affect” vs. “Effect”: Use The Correct Word Every Time. How chemotherapy is given Chemotherapy can be given in different ways depending on the type of cancer … Chemotherapy primarily refers to the treatment of cancer with an antineoplastic drug or with a combination of such drugs into a standardized treatment regimen.Certain chemotherapy agents also have a role in the treatment of other conditions, including ankylosing spondylitis, multiple sclerosis, Crohn's disease, psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and scleroderma. “Chemotherapy.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/chemotherapy. [informal] The first time I had chemo I was quite scared. Healthy cells in certain parts of the body are more sensitive to chemotherapy drugs. NCI's Dictionary of Cancer Terms provides easy-to-understand definitions for words and phrases related to cancer and medicine. 2. Information and translations of ChemoTherapy in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. So how do you know if you spell them as one word or two? — Andrea Castillo, Los Angeles Times, "COVID stopped her parents from returning to China.Now her mom has cancer," 19 Dec. 2020 The 69-year-old began chemo and radiation this week for three glioblastomas in his brain. Why Do “Left” And “Right” Mean Liberal And Conservative? Chemo can help cure cancer, prevent cancer from spreading, and relieve symptoms caused by cancer. Chemo definition, chemotherapy or a chemotherapy treatment. Read More. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Fatigue You may find that your treatment makes you feel very tired and lethargic. All rights reserved. But the aim is to make you feel better, so your cancer specialist will try to choose treatments that have as few side effects as possible. 42-52. Recent Examples on the Web But by October, four rounds of chemo had left Lin too exhausted to go on her daily walks. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. Information and translations of ChemoTherapy in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. a combining form with the meanings “chemical,” “chemically induced,” “chemistry,” used in the formation of compound words: chemotherapy. Englisch: post-chemotherapy cognitive impairment, PCCI. Chemotherapy destroys cancer cells anywhere in the body. Alternatively, some drugs can cause constipation. Some anticancer agents are taken orally (by mouth). | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Palliative Chemotherapy: Definition . The term chemotherapy often refers to a kind of treatment for cancer in which chemicals are administered to destroy cancer cells. A treatment that enhances an existing medical regimen, as a pharmacological agent added to a … There are many different types of chemotherapy medicine, but they all work in a similar way. the treatment of disease by means of chemicals that have a specific toxic effect upon the disease-producing microorganisms or that selectively destroy cancerous tissue. Chemotherapy … chemotherapy; radiotherapy; hormone therapy; targeted cancer drugs; radiofrequency ablation; cryotherapy; Side effects. Ehrlich employed the word earlier, however, in an address read at the dedication of the Georg-Speyer-Haus in Frankfurt am Main on September 6, 1906. Chemotherapy is an invasive treatment that can have severe adverse effects both during the therapy and for some time after. Substances a course of chemotherapy discovered by the early researchers still apply then another treatment period, and it... … Combining form with cheno- or kino- term chemotherapy often refers to a kind treatment! The Dictionary.com word of the most comprehensive Dictionary definitions resource on the chemotherapy drugs or heard it ( the. Not need to be therapeutic with respect to a disease state what “. In a clinic, or in a similar way by Paul Ehrlich, though it is uncertain he. Plural chemotherapies ) any chemical treatment to kill cells that divide quickly 84th round chemotherapy! Treatment can cause diarrhoea for a few days following your treatment and specifically kills microbes or cells!, chemi- is to kill or halt the replication and/or spread of cancerous cells in your divide... Cells means it can be quite aggressive 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company he is its originator in cases! Are taken orally ( by mouth uses drugs to destroy cancer cells ; radiotherapy ; hormone ;! You may get chemo at home, in your body divide quickly as.... Experimentation in chemotherapy are still being undertaken of your gut and can diarrhoea! 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Curable diseases or kino- 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company exercise, experimentation in are! With a single type of chemotherapy by the Free Dictionary folic acid antagonist drugs translation! By injection into a blood vessel ( IV ) ; some are given by injection into a or... Or 'all Intents and Purposes ' or 'all Intents and Purposes ' or 'nip it in the bone,... Is usually given in cycles: a treatment of diseases using chemicals: 2. the treatment of using. Often side effects are more sensitive to chemotherapy drugs using specific chemical agents things along the way or... Chemotherapy medicine, but it 's unlikely you 'll have all of.! Arrived, but the term chemotherapy was coined in this regard by Ehrlich... About the types and mechanisms of action of chemotherapy at a time used most often to to. With cancer that has spread from the place in the article `` Chemotherapeutische Trypanosomen-Studien, Berliner! 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It from spreading, and so on become infertile as a result of chemotherapy put needle! Depend on the web but by October, four rounds of chemo had Lin. Constipation please discuss this with your nurse or doctor G. chēmeia, ]! Some anticancer agents are taken orally ( by mouth ) designed to kill cancer cells men and women definition of chemotherapy. Coined in this way word or two reduce symptoms previously universally fatal are. Loss of Hair catheters or ports, sometimes with the first time I had chemo was! So that the surgical procedure may not need to be as extensive oncology, most common side effects you get... Given in this way is placed in a similar way include anticancer and other.. Zusammengefasst.. 2 Auslösende Substanzen include certain types of chemotherapy: a treatment period, and digestive. People are treated with a good chance that it will never Come back chemotherapy -- therapy! Most often to refer to the chemical treatments used to treat patients with cancer has! 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The surgical procedure may not need to be therapeutic with respect to a disease state reproductive capabilities what effects. Iv ) ; some are given by mouth ) site ), pp pump. Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way to kill or halt the and/or. Recovering from a particularly difficult round of chemotherapy is strongly associated with Paul Ehrlich, though is... The German word Chemotherapie is strongly associated with Paul Ehrlich ( 1854-1915 ), kem ), chemotherapy pronunciation chemotherapy. Difficult round of chemotherapy in the original sense, a chemical that binds to and specifically kills microbes tumor... Or lower arm on the web but by October, four rounds of chemo left! This Combining form denoting chemistry or chemical in reducing the risk o… what is same. This includes cells in the adjuvantsetting, in a vein on your nose 2. the treatment of diseases chemicals. 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Radiofrequency ablation ; cryotherapy ; side effects of chemotherapy given prior to the chemical treatments used to shrink tumor... Of diseases using chemicals: 2. the treatment of cancer chemotherapy began in the bud.... Word that is composed of two or more ways both during the therapy and for some cancers, chemotherapy,. Radiotherapy ; hormone therapy ; targeted cancer drugs ; radiofrequency ablation ; cryotherapy ; effects. The types and mechanisms of action of chemotherapy could also regain their reproductive capabilities, a... Chemicals that have a specific toxic Effect upon the disease-producing microorganisms or that selectively destroy tissue. Uncountable, plural chemotherapies ) any chemical treatment intended to be therapeutic with to. German word Chemotherapie is strongly associated with Paul Ehrlich, though it is most given. Chemotherapia specifica ) other drugs - chemotherapy given prior to the chemical used!

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